Sharing knowledge. Jargon of the domain you and we operate in.

Advanced Planning Software (APS)

Advanced Planning and Scheduling refers to an ideal production management process in which material flow is matched optimally with machine and people capacity. APS software is suitable for environments where simple planning methods can not accurately reflect the complexity of making optimal combinations with various planning priorities.

Application Programming Interface (API)

An application programming interface is a set of specifications and definitions that allow a computer program to communicate with another program or (sub) component.

Autonomous platform

Independent decision-making platform, which is only subject to its specific regulations with regard to the establishment of self-sufficiency.

Break Downs

An Unplanned stop due to a mechanical or software malfunction.


A unique Blue Star Planning Term

Blue Paper

A Blue Paper is explicitly used for explaining the great added value of Advanced Planning and Scheduling (APS) for SMEs  In this Blue paper you'll find an explanation made by Blue Star Planning. In this Blue Paper, you will learn more about how APS:

Optimizes resource output,

Lets you plan for the future today.

Is highly responsive and seamless to changes.

Aligns internal departments and inbound and outbound logistics


In manufacturing, a changeover is the process of converting a line or machine from running one product to the another. Another word for Changeovers is planned stop.

Changeover time

Changeover times can vary from a few minutes to even a few weeks.

Chronical Short Stop

A "chronical short stop" is a variant of the short stop and is also a short and frequent stoppage, but it occurs several times an hour for a period of several weeks. This variant, too, remains difficult to locate and is therefore sometimes seen as part of the production flow.

Cycle time

The cycle time is the time required to complete the production of a unit from the beginning to the end of the cycle.


A data dashboard is a central interactive tool for the monitoring, measurement, analysis and extraction of important company insights from various key data sets, while displaying the information in an interactive, intuitive and visual way.

Down Time

All time where the manufacturing process was intended to be running but was not due to Unplanned Stops (e.g. breakdowns), or Planned Stops (e.g. changeovers). Downtime is also called Stop Time.

Deep Dive

Taking a deep dive is to explore something in detail in a short period of time. We give you the best equipment to make the deep dive in your production environment, so that you can find the currently unknown optimalization opportunities. 

Enterprise resource planning (ERP)

Enterprise resource planning represents a computer program used within companies to support all processes within the company. An ERP programme usually consists of small sub-programs that all support a specific task.


‘ Lijnremmers’  or ' Line inhibitors' are the losses of the  machinery in the production line that cause the OEE machine to stand still. They can also be logistical line inhibitors, such as late delivery of packaging materials or slipping if there is no stock of them.

Ideal Cycle Time

The Ideal Cycle Time is the most time efficient cycle time that your process can achieve in optimal conditions. That is why the result, when multiplied by the total count, is the Net Cycle Time, this is the fastest possible time to manufacture the parts. Be aware that a performance can never exceed 100%.


The Ideal Production Planning

Idle time

Idle time is when a resource is ready and available but does not do anything, a resource being equipment or employee. Waiting time is also referred to as being idle time.

Just in time (JIT)

Just in time (JIT) is delivering precisely on schedule exactly what the customer or chain partner needs, a logistical method for stock control belonging to the lean manufacturing that originated in the Japanese market.

Machine Availability Rate

The Machine Availability Rate is the fraction, mostly expressed in percentage, of time the production equipment is ready for use divided by the maximum time that it would be available if there were no downtime for repair or unplanned maintenance.

Made to order

Made to order, in other words, Make to order (MTO) is a business strategy that empowers consumers to buy products adapted to their specifications. It is a production process in which the production of an item only begins after a confirmed customer order has been received.

Make to order (MTO)

Make to order (MTO), in other words, made to order, is a business strategy that empowers consumers to buy products adapted to their specifications. It is a production process in which the production of an item only begins after a confirmed customer order has been received.

Manufacturing Execution System (MES)

A manufacturing execution system (MES) is an information system for continuously monitoring and controlling production processes. An MES works in real time and is actually intended for the optimization of business processes.

A manufacturing execution system gathers the data on the processes and their results. This may involve the use of machines, people, tools, raw materials and other materials. Through real-time feedback, the production process is being optimized.

Material Requirement Planning (MRP)

Material Requirements Planning is an inventory control system to ensure the availability of raw material for production while maintaining the lowest possible store levels, planned to manufacturing-activities and delivery schedules.

Mean-Time-Between-Assists (MTBA)

Mean-Time-Between-Assists (MTBA), is the time between intervals, in other words it’s the average time the equipment performs its intended function between intervals. It is also the product or operating time divided by the number of assists; therefore MTBA is the average time between assists at each standstill of a machine caused by the unwanted operation.

Mean Time-Between-Failure (MTBF)

Mean-time-between-failures (MTBF) is a term from the field of business management. It In other words, it means the average time between failures, where the failure refers to components of an installation.

Mean Time-To-Repair (MTTR)

The Mean Time-To-Repair (MTTR), is an average repair time, in other words a basic measure of the maintainability of recoverable goods. It represents the average time required to repair a defective part or item of equipment.


Middleware is the software used between an operating system and the applications running on it. In fact, Middleware acts as a hidden translation layer, enabling communication and data management for distributed applications.

Minor Stop Threshold

A dividing line between a Slow Cycle, and one that is considered a Small Stop. Settling a Small Stop threshold can be used in the cycle time analysis to automatically detect small stop sequences.

Overall Equipment effectiveness (OEE)

Method for the measurement of the efficiency and effectiveness of a process by subdividing it into three components (the OEE factors). OEE assists you in observing, understanding and measuring a process in order to solve a problem, and it provides a standardized method for bench-marking your progress.

OEE Availability

The events that shut down planned production for a significant period of time result in a loss of availability.  This loss is normally measured by recording the duration of Unplanned Stops and Scheduled Stops. This is one of three OEE factors.

OEE Factors

The three factors of OEE are: Availability, Performance and Quality. It is often more important to focus on the three OEE factors than on the aggregate OEE indicators.

OEE Losses

The three categories of productivity losses are related to the three OEE factors; Loss of Availability, Loss of Performance and Loss of Quality. The aim is to work continuously to eliminate the OEE losses.

OEE Performance

One of the three OEE factors. This factor takes into account Performance Loss. These are the factors that cause the process to run at less than the maximum possible speed. These are measured by comparing the actual cycle time (or the actual run rate) with the ideal cycle time (or the ideal run rate).

OEE Quality

One of the three OEE factors. This factor takes the loss of quality into account. It is measured by tracking Rejected Parts, which are the parts that do not meet the quality requirements.

Operational Performance Indicator (OPI)

An Operational Performance Indicator is a measurable value which expresses the company's performance in a shorter period of time. They are used in various industries to track organizational processes, improve efficiency and help companies understand and reflect on results.

Performance rate

With the performance rate you can calculate the difference between the actual time it took to make the products and the theoretical, ideal time in which the machine could have made the products.

Performance loss

The performance rate takes into account the loss of performance, which encompasses all factors that cause the production equipment to run below the maximum possible speed. This includes slow cycles and small stops. It is calculated as the ratio of Net Running Time to Running Time.

Planned Stops

In manufacturing, a planned stop is the process of converting a line or machine from running one product to the another.

Product configurator

Product configuration, or also called knowledge-based configuration or product modification, is an activity in which a product is adapted to the needs of a particular customer. The product in question may consist of technical components, services and software.

Production Rejects

The production output which does not satisfy the standards, technical specifications and other technical quality requirements. This can be articles, semi-finished products, components, etc.

Reduced Speed

The manufacturing process runs, but is slower compared to the Ideal Cycle Time. This time loss is often referred to as speed loss.

Schedule Loss

Time when the factory is not scheduled for any production activities (e.g. factory shutdown, no orders, breaks and lunches). Loss of planning is excluded from OEE and is a loss for TEEP.

Shift Time

The period in which a shift is planned to keep the machine running.

Short Stop

A "short stop" is a short but frequent stoppage, which is very difficult to pinpoint and is therefore sometimes seen as part of the production flow.

Six Big Machine losses

The Six Big Machine Losses are the six most common machine losses in the production process, ultimately reducing OEE results. These are: Unplanned stops, scheduled stops, small stops, slow cycles, production rejects and start-up rejects.

Small stop

A very short interruption in the manufacturing process, but not long enough to be followed as a Stop Time. An alternative term for Idling and Minor Stops in the Six Big Machine Losses. It contributes to OEE performance.

Speed Loss

Production time lost on machines or other equipment running under the maximum rated operating speed. An alternative term for Reduced Speed in the Six Big Losses. Improving this parameter contributes to OEE performance.

Stop Time

All time where the manufacturing process was intended to be running but was not due to Unplanned Stops (e.g. breakdowns), or Planned Stops (e.g. changeovers). Stop Time is also called Downtime.

Startup Rejects

Reject production while the machine is being modified to suit new production requirements. This is an alternative term for Reduced Yield in the Six Big Losses and it also contributes to the OEE quality.


If a movement, activity or machine in the production process in your factory comes to a standstill or is brought to a halt, it stops completely, which has a negative impact on your production process. The production comes to a standstill by discontinuing external or internal actions or activities.

Technical failure

A technical undesirable failure in the hardware, software and/or telecommunications of the technological system which hinders the development of the operations

Total Effective Equipment Performance (TEEP)

Total Effective Equipment Performance (TEEP) is a measurement of performance that measures and provides you with insight in the actual capacity of your production company. It includes both Equipment Losses as measured by OEE and Schedule Losses as measured by Utilization.

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM)

Total Productive Maintenance (TPM) is an all-embracing way of maintaining equipment, striving for perfect production, which means: No faults, Small Stops or Slow Runnings and Defects.

Unplanned Stops

The manufacturing process is planned for production and is affected by an event such as an equipment failure or a material shortage. That's why unplanned stops have an negative impact on OEE availability.

Workflow Automation

Workflow automation is a created set of automated actions for the different steps in your business processes. It is used to improve everyday business activities, because if your work flows, you can concentrate on getting more done and focus on the things that matter. It allows teams to devote more time to the work at hand and less time to the processes which are supporting them.

Workflow Engine

A workflow engine is a form of software used to help with the management of complicated business operations or processes. It usually uses a database server to configure and monitor the implementation of workflows.


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